Bk. 60: Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh)) 5/6
6.301: Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar: The Prophet said, “The keys of the Unseen are five.” And then he recited: ‘Verily, the knowledge of the Hour is with Allah (alone).’ (3 1.34)
6.302: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “Allah said, ‘I have prepared for my pious worshipers such things as no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard of, and nobody has ever thought of.” Abu Huraira added: If you wish you can read:−− ‘No soul knows what is kept hidden (in reserve) for them of joy as reward for what they used to do.’ 3 2.17.
6.303: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet, said, “Allah said, ‘I have prepared for My pious worshipers such things as no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard of, and nobody has ever thought of. All that is reserved, besides which, all that you have seen, is nothing.” Then he recited:−− ‘No soul knows what is kept hidden (in reserve) for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do.’ (3 2.17)
6.304: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “There is no believer but I, of all the people, I am the closest to him both in this world and in the Hereafter. Recite if you wish: ‘The Prophet is closer to the believers than their own selves.’ (3 3.6) so if a believer (dies) leaves some property then his relatives will inherit that property; but if he is in debt or he leaves poor children, let those (creditors and children) come to me (that I may pay the debt and provide for the children), for them I am his sponsor (surely).
6.305: Narrated `Abdullah bin `Umar: We used not to call Zaid bin Haritha the freed slave of Allah’s Apostle except Zaid bin Muhammad till the Qu’anic Verse was revealed: “Call them (adopted sons) by (the names of) their fathers. That is more than just in the Sight of Allah.” (3 3.5)
6.306: Narrated Anas: We think that the Verse: ‘Among the Believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah.’ was revealed in favor of Anas bin An−Nadir.
6.307: Narrated Zaid bin Thabit: When we collected the fragramentary manuscripts of the Qur’an into copies, I missed one of the Verses of Surat al−Ahzab which I used to hear Allah’s Apostle reading. Finally I did not find it with anybody except Khuza`ima Al−Ansari, whose witness was considered by Allah’s Apostle equal to the witness of two men. (And that Verse was:) ‘Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah.’
6.308: Narrated `Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet) Allah’s Apostle came to me when Allah ordered him to give option to his wives. So Allah’s Apostle started with me, saying, “I am going to mention to you something but you should not hasten (to give your reply) unless you consult your parents.’ He knew that my parents would not order me to leave him. Then he said, “Allah says:−− “O Prophet! Say to your wives…” (3 3.28−29) On that I said to him, “Then why should I consult my parents? Verily, I seek Allah, His Apostle and the Home of the Hereafter.”
6.309: Narrated `Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet) when Allah’s Apostle was ordered to give option to his wives, he started with me, saying, “I am going to mention to you something, but you shall not hasten (to give your reply) unless you consult your parents.” The Prophet knew that my parents would not order me to leave him. Then he said, “Allah says: ‘O Prophet (Muhammad)! Say to your wives: If you desire the life of this world and its glitter……..a great reward.” (3 3.28−29) I said, “Then why I consult my parents? Verily, I seek Allah, His Apostle and the Home of the Hereafter.” Then all the other wives of the Prophet did the same as I did.
6.310: Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Verse: ‘But you did hide in your mind that which Allah was about to make manifest.’ (3 3.37) was revealed concerning Zainab bint Jahsh and Zaid bin Haritha.
6.311: Narrated Aisha: I used to look down upon those ladies who had given themselves to Allah’s Apostle and I used to say, “Can a lady give herself (to a man)?” But when Allah revealed: “You (O Muhammad) can postpone (the turn of) whom you will of them (your wives), and you may receive any of them whom you will; and there is no blame on you if you invite one whose turn you have set aside (temporarily).’ (3 3.51) I said (to the Prophet), “I feel that your Lord hastens in fulfilling your wishes and desires.”
6.312: Narrated Mu`adha: `Aisha said, “Allah’s Apostle used to take the permission of that wife with whom he was supposed to stay overnight if he wanted to go to one other than her, after this Verse was revealed:−− “You (O Muhammad) can postpone (the turn of) whom you will of them (your wives) and you may receive any (of them) whom you will; and there is no blame on you if you invite one whose turn you have set aside (temporarily). (3 3.51) I asked Aisha, “What did you use to say (in this case)?” She said, “I used to say to him, “If I could deny you the permission (to go to your other wives) I would not allow your favor to be bestowed on any other person.”
6.313: Narrated `Umar: I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Good and bad persons enter upon you, so I suggest that you order the mothers of the Believers (i.e. your wives) to observe veils.” Then Allah revealed the Verses of Al−Hijab.
6.314: Narrated Anas bin Malik: When Allah’s Apostle married Zainab bint Jahsh, he invited the people to a meal. They took the meal and remained sitting and talking. Then the Prophet (showed them) as if he is ready to get up, yet they did not get up. When he noticed that (there was no response to his movement), he got up, and the others too, got up except three persons who kept on sitting. The Prophet came back in order to enter his house, but he went away again. Then they left, whereupon I set out and went to the Prophet to tell him that they had departed, so he came and entered his house. I wanted to enter along with him, but he put a screen between me and him. Then Allah revealed: ‘O you who believe! Do not enter the houses of the Prophet…’ (3 3.53)
6.315: Narrated Anas bin Malik: I of all the people know best this verse of Al−Hijab. When Allah’s Apostle married Zainab bint Jahsh she was with him in the house and he prepared a meal and invited the people (to it). They sat down (after finishing their meal) and started chatting. So the Prophet went out and then returned several times while they were still sitting and talking. So Allah revealed the Verse: ‘O you who believe! Enter not the Prophet’s houses until leave is given to you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation …..ask them from behind a screen.’ (3 3.53) So the screen was set up and the people went away.
6.316: Narrated Anas: A banquet of bread and meat was held on the occasion of the marriage of the Prophet to Zainab bint Jahsh. I was sent to invite the people (to the banquet), and so the people started coming (in groups); They would eat and then leave. Another batch would come, eat and leave. So I kept on inviting the people till I found nobody to invite. Then I said, “O Allah’s Prophet! I do not find anybody to invite.” He said, “Carry away the remaining food.” Then a batch of three persons stayed in the house chatting. The Prophet left and went towards the dwelling place of Aisha and said, “Peace and Allah’s Mercy be on you, O the people of the house!” She replied, “Peace and the mercy of Allah be on you too. How did you find your wife? May Allah bless you. Then he went to the dwelling places of all his other wives and said to them the same as he said to Aisha and they said to him the same as Aisha had said to him. Then the Prophet returned and found a group of three persons still in the house chatting. The Prophet was a very shy person, so he went out (for the second time) and went towards the dwelling place of `Aisha. I do not remember whether I informed him that the people have gone away. So he returned and as soon as he entered the gate, he drew the curtain between me and him, and then the Verse of Al−Hijab was revealed.
6.317: Narrated Anas: When Allah’s Apostle married Zainab bint Jahsh, he made the people eat meat and bread to their fill (by giving a Walima banquet). Then he went out to the dwelling places of the mothers of the believers (his wives), as he used to do in the morning of his marriage. He would greet them and invoke good on them, and they (too) would return his greeting and invoke good on him. When he returned to his house, he found two men talking to each other; and when he saw them, he went out of his house again. When those two men saw Allah’s Apostle: going out of his house, they quickly got up (and departed). I do not remember whether I informed him of their departure, or he was informed (by somebody else). So he returned, and when he entered the house, he lowered the curtain between me and him. Then the Verse of Al−Hijab was revealed.
6.318: Narrated Aisha: Sauda (the wife of the Prophet) went out to answer the call of nature after it was made obligatory (for all the Muslims ladies) to observe the veil. She was a fat huge lady, and everybody who knew her before could recognize her. So `Umar bin Al−Khattab saw her and said, “O Sauda! By Allah, you cannot hide yourself from us, so think of a way by which you should not be recognized on going out. Sauda returned while Allah’s Apostle was in my house taking his supper and a bone covered with meat was in his hand. She entered and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! I went out to answer the call of nature and `Umar said to me so−and−so.” Then Allah inspired him (the Prophet) and when the state of inspiration was over and the bone was still in his hand as he had not put in down, he said (to Sauda), “You (women) have been allowed to go out for your needs.”
6.319: Narrated `Aisha: Aflah, the brother of Abi Al−Quais, asked permission to visit me after the order of Al−Hijab was revealed. I said, “I will not permit him unless I take permission of the Prophet about him for it was not the brother of Abi Al−Qu’ais but the wife of Abi Al−Qu’ais that nursed me.” The Prophet entered upon me, and I said to him, “O Allah’s Apostle! Allah, the brother of Abi Al−Qu’ais asked permission to visit me but I refused to permit him unless I took your permission.” The Prophet said, “What stopped you from permitting him? He is your uncle.” I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! The man was not the person who had nursed me, but the woman, the wife of Abi Al−Qu’ais had nursed me.” He said, “Admit him, for he is your uncle. Taribat Yaminuki (may your right hand be saved)” `Urwa, the sub−narrator added: For that `Aisha used to say, “Consider those things which are illegal because of blood relations as illegal because of the corresponding foster relations.”
6.320: Narrated Ka`b bin Ujra: It was said, “O Allah’s Apostle! We know how to greet you, but how to invoke Allah for you?” The Prophet said, “Say: Allahumma salli ala Muhammadin wa’ala `Ali Muhammaddin, kama sallaita ‘ala all Ibrahim, innaka Hamidun Majid.”
6.321: Narrated Abu Sa`id Al−Khudri: We said, “O Allah’s Apostle! (We know) this greeting (to you) but how shall we invoke Allah for you?” He said, “Say! Allahumma salli ala Muhammadin `Abdika wa rasulika kama− sallaita ‘ala all Ibrahim wa barik ala Muhammadin wa’ala all Muhammadin kama barakta ‘ala all Ibrahim.’ Al−Laith said: ‘Ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala all Muhammadin kama barakta ala all Ibrahim.
6.322: Narrated Ibn Abi Hazim and Ad−Darawardi: Yazid said, “Kama sallaita ala Ibrahima wa barik ‘ala Muhammad in wa all Muhammadin kama barakta ‘ala Abrahima wa all Ibrahim.”
6.323: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “Moses was a shy man, and that is what the Statement of Allah means: ‘O you who believe Be not like those who annoyed Moses, but Allah proved his innocence of that which they alleged and he was honorable in Allah’s Sight.’ (3 3.69)
6.324: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Prophet said, “When Allah decrees some order in the heaven, the angels flutter their wings indicating complete surrender to His saying which sounds like chains being dragged on rock. And when the state of fear disappears, they ask each other, “What has your Lord ordered? They say that He has said that which is true and just, and He is the Most High, the Most Great.” (3 4.23). Then the stealthy listeners (devils) hear this order, and these stealthy listeners are like this, one over the other.” (Sufyan, a sub−narrator demonstrated that by holding his hand upright and separating the fingers.) A stealthy listener hears a word which he will convey to that which is below him and the second will convey it to that which is below him till the last of them will convey it to the wizard or foreteller. Sometimes a flame (fire) may strike the devil before he can convey it, and sometimes he may convey it before the flame (fire) strikes him, whereupon the wizard adds to that word a hundred lies. The people will then say, ‘Didn’t he (i.e. magician) tell such−and−such a thing on such−and−such date?’ So that magician is said to have told the truth because of the Statement which has been heard from the heavens.”
6.325: Narrated Ibn `Abbas: One day the Prophet ascended Safa mountain and said, “Oh Sabah! ” All the Quraish gathered round him and said, “What is the matter?” He said, Look, if I told you that an enemy is going to attack you in the morning or in the evening, would you not believe me?” They said, “Yes, we will believe you.” He said, “I am a warner to you in face of a terrible punishment.” On that Abu Lahab said, “May you perish ! Is it for this thing that you have gathered us?” So Allah revealed: ‘Perish the hands of Abu Lahab!…’ (11 1.1)
6.326: Narrated Abu Dharr: Once I was with the Prophet in the mosque at the time of sunset. The Prophet said, “O Abu Dharr! Do you know where the sun sets?” I replied, “Allah and His Apostle know best.” He said, “It goes and prostrates underneath (Allah’s) Throne; and that is Allah’s Statement:−− ‘And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term (decreed). And that is the decree of All−Mighty, the All−Knowing….’ (36.38)
6.327: Narrated Abu Dharr: I asked the Prophet about the Statement of Allah:−− ‘And the sun runs on fixed course for a term (decreed), ‘ (36.38) He said, “Its course is underneath “Allah’s Throne.” (Prostration of Sun trees, stars. mentioned in Qur’an and Hadith does not mean like our prostration but it means that these objects are obedient to their Creator (Allah) and they obey for what they have been created for).
6.328: Narrated `Abdullah: Allah’s Apostle said, “Nobody has the right to be better than (Jonah) bin Matta.”
6.329: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “He who says that I am better than Jonah bin Matta, tells a lie.’
6.330: Narrated Al−Awwam: I asked Muhajid regarding the prostration in Surat Sa`d. He said, “Ibn `Abbas was asked the same question and he said, ‘Those are they (the prophets) whom Allah had Guided. So follow their guidance.” (6.90) Ibn `Abbas used to perform a prostration (on reading this Sura). 6.331: Narrated Al−Awwam: I asked Mujahid regarding the prostration in Surat Sa`d. He said, “I asked Ibn `Abbas, ‘What evidence makes you prostrate?’ He said, “Don’t you recite:−−’And among his progeny, David and Solomon..(6.84). Those are they whom Allah had guided. So follow their guidance.’ (6.90) So David was the one of those prophets whom Prophet (Muhammad) was ordered to follow. David prostrated, so Allah’s Apostle (Muhammad) performed this prostration too.’
6.332: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “Last night a demon from the Jinns came to me (or the Prophet said, a similar sentence) to disturb my prayer, but Allah gave me the power to overcome him. I intended to tie him to one of the pillars of the mosque till the morning so that all of you could see him, but then I remembered the Statement of my brother Solomon:−−’My Lord! Forgive me and bestow on me a kingdom such as shall not belong to any other after me.’ (38.35) The narrator added: Then he (the Prophet) dismissed him, rejected. ‘Nor am I one of the pretenders (a person who pretends things which do not exist).’ (38.86)
6.333: Narrated Masruq: We came upon `Abdullah bin Mas`ud and he said “O people! If somebody knows something, he can say it, but if he does not know it, he should say, “Allah knows better,’ for it is a sign of having knowledge to say about something which one does not know, ‘Allah knows better.’ Allah said to His Prophet: ‘Say (O Muhammad ! ) No wage do I ask of You for this (Qur’an) nor am I one of the pretenders (a person who pretends things which do not exist).’ (38.86) Now I will tell you about Ad−Dukhan (the smoke), Allah’s Apostle invited the Quraish to embrace Islam, but they delayed their response. So he said, “O Allah! Help me against them by sending on them seven years of famine similar to the seven years of famine of Joseph.” So the famine year overtook them and everything was destroyed till they ate dead animals and skins. People started imagining to see smoke between them and the sky because of severe hunger. Allah said: ‘Then watch you for the Day that the sky will bring forth a kind of smoke plainly visible, covering the people. . . This is painful torment.’ (4 4.10−11) (So they invoked Allah) “Our Lord! Remove the punishment from us really we are believers.” How can there be an (effectual) reminder for them when an Apostle, explaining things clearly, has already come to them? Then they had turned away from him and said: ‘One taught (by a human being), a madman?’ ‘We shall indeed remove punishment for a while, but truly, you will revert (to disbelief).’ (4 4.12−15) Will the punishment be removed on the Day of Resurrection?” `Abdullah added, “The punishment was removed from them for a while but they reverted to disbelief, so Allah destroyed them on the Day of Badr. Allah said: ‘The day We shall seize you with a mighty grasp. We will indeed (then) exact retribution.” (4 4.16)
6.334: Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Some pagans who committed murders in great number and committed illegal sexual intercourse excessively, came to Muhammad and said, “O Muhammad! Whatever you say and invite people to, is good: but we wish if you could inform us whether we can make an expiration for our (past evil) deeds.” So the Divine Verses came: ‘Those who invoke not with Allah any other god, not kill such life as Allah has forbidden except for just cause, nor commit illegal sexual intercourse.’ (25.68) And there was also revealed:−− ‘Say: O My slaves who have transgressed against their souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah.’ (39.53)
6.335: Narrated `Abdullah: A (Jewish) Rabbi came to Allah’s Apostle and he said, “O Muhammad! We learn that Allah will put all the heavens on one finger, and the earths on one finger, and the trees on one finger, and the water and the dust on one finger, and all the other created beings on one finger. Then He will say, ‘I am the King.’ Thereupon the Prophet smiled so that his pre−molar teeth became visible, and that was the confirmation of the Rabbi. Then Allah’s Apostle recited: ‘No just estimate have they made of Allah such as due to Him.’ (39.67)
6.336: Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “Allah will hold the whole earth, and roll all the heavens up in His Right Hand, and then He will say, ‘I am the King; where are the kings of the earth?”‘
6.337: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “I will be the first to raise my head after the second blowing of the trumpet and will see Moses hanging the Throne, and I will not know whether he had been in that state all the time or after the blowing of the trumpet.”
6.338: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “Between the two blowing of the trumpet there will be forty.” The people said, “O Abu Huraira! Forty days?” I refused to reply. They said, “Forty years?” I refused to reply and added: Everything of the human body will decay except the coccyx bone (of the tail) and from that bone Allah will reconstruct the whole body.
6.339: Narrated `Urwa bin Az−Zubair: I asked `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al−`As to inform me of the worst thing the pagans had done to Allah’s Apostle. He said: “While Allah’s Apostle was praying in the courtyard of the Ka`ba, `Uqba bin Abi Mu’ait came and seized Allah’s Apostle by the shoulder and twisted his garment round his neck and throttled him severely. Abu Bakr came and seized `Uqba’s shoulder and threw him away from Allah’s Apostle and said, “Would you kill a man because he says: ‘My Lord is Allah,’ and has come to you with clear Signs from your Lord?” (40.28)
6.340: Narrated Ibn Mas`ud: (regarding) the Verse: ‘And you have not been screening against yourself lest your ears, and your eyes and your skins should testify against you..’ (4 1.22) While two persons from Quraish and their brother−in−law from Thaqif (or two persons from Thaqif and their brother−in−law from Quraish) were in a house, they said to each other, “Do you think that Allah hears our talks?” Some said, “He hears a portion thereof” Others said, “If He can hear a portion of it, He can hear all of it.” Then the following Verse was revealed: ‘And you have not been screening against yourself lest your ears, and your eyes and your skins should testify against you…’ (4 1.22)
6.341: Narrated `Abdullah: There gathered near the House (i.e. the Ka`ba) two Quraishi persons and a person from Thaqif (or two persons from Thaqif and one from Quraish), and all of them with very fat bellies but very little intelligence. One of them said, “Do you think that Allah hears what we say?” Another said, “He hears us when we talk in a loud voice, but He doesn’t hear us when we talk in a low tone.” The third said, “If He can hear when we talk in a loud tone, then He can also hear when we speak in a low tone.” Then Allah, the Honorable, the Majestic revealed: ‘And you have not been screening against yourself lest your ears, and eyes and your skins should testify against you….’ (4 1.22−23)
6.342: Narrated `Abdullah bin Mas`ud: (As above, Hadith No. 341).
6.343: Narrated Ibn `Abbas: That he was asked (regarding): “Except to be kind to me for my Kinship with you.’ (4 2.23) Sa`id bin Zubair (who was present then) said, “It means here (to show what is due for) the relatives of Muhammad.” On that Ibn `Abbas said: you have hurried in giving the answer! There was no branch of the tribe of Quraish but the Prophet had relatives therein. The Prophet said, “I do not want anything from (you ) except to be Kind to me for my Kinship with you.”
6.344: Narrated Ya`la: I heard the Prophet reciting when on the pulpit: ‘They will cry, “O Malik (Keeper of Hell) Let your Lord make an end of us.’ (4 3.77)
6.345: Narrated `Abdullah: Five things have passed, i.e. the smoke, the defeat of the Romans, the splitting of the moon, Al−Batsha (the defeat of the infidels in the battle of Badr) and Al−Lizam (the punishment)’.
6.346: Narrated `Abdullah: It (i.e., the imagined smoke) was because, when the Quraish refused to obey the Prophet, he asked Allah to afflict them with years of famine similar to those of (Prophet) Joseph. So they were stricken with famine and fatigue, so much so that they ate even bones. A man would look towards the sky and imagine seeing something like smoke between him and the sky because of extreme fatigue. So Allah revealed:−− ‘Then watch you for the Day that the sky will bring forth a kind of smoke plainly visible, covering the people; this is a painfull of torment.’ (4 4.10−11) Then someone (Abu Sufyan) came to Allah’s Apostle and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Invoke Allah to send rain for the tribes of Mudar for they are on the verge of destruction.” On that the Prophet said (astonishingly) “Shall I invoke Allah) for the tribes of Mudar? Verily, you are a brave man!” But the Prophet prayed for rain and it rained for them. Then the Verse was revealed. ‘But truly you will return (to disbelief).’ (4 4.15) (When the famine was over and) they restored prosperity and welfare, they reverted to their ways (of heathenism) whereupon Allah revealed: ‘On the Day when We shall seize you with a Mighty Grasp. We will indeed (then) exact retribution.’ (4 4.16) The narrator said, “That was the day of the Battle of Badr.”
6.347: Narrated `Abdullah: It is a sign of having knowledge that, when you do not know something, you say: ‘Allah knows better.’ Allah said to his Prophet: ‘Say: No wage do I ask of you for this (Qur’an), nor am I one of the pretenders (a person who pretends things which do not exist)’ (38.86) When the Quraish troubled and stood against the Prophet he said, “O Allah! Help me against them by afflicting them with seven years of famine like the seven years of Joseph.” So they were stricken with a year of famine during which they ate bones and dead animals because of too much suffering, and one of them would see something like smoke between him and the sky because of hunger. Then they said: Our Lord! Remove the torment from us, really we are believers. (4 4.12) And then it was said to the Prophet (by Allah), “If we remove it from them. they will revert to their ways (of heathenism).” So the Prophet invoked his Lord, who removed the punishment from them, but later they reverted (to heathenism), whereupon Allah punished them on the day of the Battle of Badr, and that is what Allah’s Statement indicates: ‘Then watch for the day that the sky will bring forth a kind of smoke plainly visible…we will indeed (then) exact retribution.’ (4 4.10).
6.348: Narrated Masruq: I came upon `Abdullah and he said, “When Allah’s Apostle invited Quraish (to Islam), they disbelieved him and stood against him. So he (the Prophet) said, “O Allah! Help me against them by afflicting them with seven years of famine similar to the seven years of Joseph.’ So they were stricken with a year of drought that destroyed everything, and they started eating dead animals, and if one of them got up he would see something like smoke between him and the sky from the severe fatigue and hunger.” `Abdullah then recited:−− ‘Then watch you for the Day that the sky will bring forth a kind of smoke plainly visible, covering the people. This is a painful torment… (till he reached) …….. We shall indeed remove the punishment for a while, but truly you will revert (to heathenism): (4 4.10−15) `Abdullah added: “Will the punishment be removed from them on the Day of Resurrection?” He added,” The severe grasp” was the Day of the Battle of Badr.”
6.349: Narrated `Abdullah: Allah sent (the Prophet) Muhammad and said:−− ‘Say, No wage do I ask of you for this (Qur’an) nor am I one of the pretenders (i.e. a person who pretends things which do not exist). (38.68) When Allah’s Apostle saw Quraish standing against him, he said, “O Allah! Help me against them by afflicting them with seven years of famine similar to the seven years (of famine) of Joseph. So they were afflicted with a year of drought that destroyed everything, and they ate bones and hides. (One of them said), “And they ate hides and dead animals, and (it seemed to them that) something like smoke was coming out of the earth. So Abu Sufyan came to the Prophet and said, “O Muhammad! Your people are on the verge of destruction! Please invoke Allah to relieve them.” So the Prophet invoked Allah for them (and the famine disappeared). He said to them. “You will revert (to heathenism) after that.” `Abdullah then recited: ‘Then watch you for the Day that the sky will bring forth a kind of smoke plainly visible…….but truly you will revert (to disbelief).’ He added, “Will the punishment be removed from them in the Hereafter? The smoke and the grasp and the Al−Lizam have all passed.” One of the sub−narrater said, “The splitting of the moon.” And another said, “The defeat of the Romans (has passed).
6.350: Narrated `Abdullah: Five things have passed: Al−Lizam, the defeat of the Romans, the mighty grasp, the splitting of the moon, and the smoke.
6.351: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “Allah said, ‘The son of Adam hurts me for he abuses Time though I am Time: in My Hands are all things, and I cause the revolution of day and night.’
6.352: Narrated Yusuf bin Mahak: Marwan had been appointed as the governor of Hijaz by Muawiya. He delivered a sermon and mentioned Yazid bin Muawiya so that the people might take the oath of allegiance to him as the successor of his father (Muawiya). Then `Abdur Rahman bin Abu Bakr told him something whereupon Marwan ordered that he be arrested. But `Abdur−Rahman entered `Aisha’s house and they could not arrest him. Marwan said, “It is he (`AbdurRahman) about whom Allah revealed this Verse:−− ‘And the one who says to his parents: ‘Fie on you! Do you hold out the promise to me..?'” On that, `Aisha said from behind a screen, “Allah did not reveal anything from the Qur’an about us except what was connected with the declaration of my innocence (of the slander).
6.353: Narrated `Aisha: (the wife of the Prophet), I never saw Allah’s Apostle laughing loudly enough to enable me to see his uvula, but he used to smile only. And whenever he saw clouds or winds, signs of deep concern would appear on his face. I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! When people see clouds they usually feel happy, hoping that it would rain, while I see that when you see clouds, one could notice signs of dissatisfaction on your face.” He said, “O `Aisha! What is the guarantee for me that there will be no punishment in it, since some people were punished with a wind? Verily, some people saw (received) the punishment, but (while seeing the cloud) they said, ‘This cloud will give us rain.’ ”
6.354: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “Allah created His creation, and when He had finished it, the womb, got up and caught hold of Allah whereupon Allah said, “What is the matter?’ On that, it said, ‘I seek refuge with you from those who sever the ties of Kith and kin.’ On that Allah said, ‘Will you be satisfied if I bestow My favors on him who keeps your ties, and withhold My favors from him who severs your ties?’ On that it said, ‘Yes, O my Lord!’ Then Allah said, ‘That is for you.’ ” Abu Huraira added: If you wish, you can recite: “Would you then if you were given the authority. do mischief in the land and sever your ties of kinship. (47. 22)
6.355: Narrated Abu Huraira: (As above, No. 354, but added) Then Allah’s Apostle said, “Recite if you wish: “Would you then.” ..(47.22)
6.356: Narrated Muawiya bin Abi Al−Muzarrad: Allah’s Apostle, said, “Recite if you wish: Would you then if you were given the authority.” (47.22)
6.357: Narrated Aslam: While Allah’s Apostle was proceeding at night during one of his journeys and `Umar bin Al−Khattab was traveling beside him, `Umar asked him about something but Allah’s Apostle did not reply. He asked again, but he did not reply, and then he asked (for the third time) but he did not reply. On that, `Umar bin Al−Khattab said to himself, “Thakilat Ummu `Umar (May `Umar’s mother lose her son)! I asked Allah’s Apostle three times but he did not reply.” `Umar then said, “I made my camel run faster and went ahead of the people, and I was afraid that some Qur’anic Verses might be revealed about me. But before getting involved in any other matter. I heard somebody calling me. I said to myself, ‘I fear that some Qur’anic Verses have been revealed about me,’ and so I went to Allah’s Apostle and greeted him. He (Allah’s Apostle ) said, ‘Tonight a Sura has been revealed to me, and it is dearer to me than that on which the sun rises (i.e. the world)’ Then he recited: “Verily, We have given you a manifest victory.” (48.1)
6.358: Narrated Anas: “Verily, We have given you (O Muhammad) a manifest victory.’ refers to Al−Hudaibiya Peace treaty). 6.359: Narrated `Abdullah bin Mughaffal: On the Day of the Conquest of Mecca, the Prophet recited Surat Al−Fath in a vibrating and pleasant voice. (Muawaiya, the subnarrator said, “If I could imitate the recitation of the Prophet I would do so.”)
6.360: Narrated Al−Mughira: The Prophet used to offer night prayers till his feet became swollen. Somebody said, to him,” “Allah has forgiven you, your faults of the past and those to follow.” On that, he said, “Shouldn’t I be a thankful slave of Allah)?”
6.361: Narrated Aisha: The Prophet used to offer prayer at night (for such a long time) that his feet used to crack. I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Why do you do it since Allah has forgiven you your faults of the past and those to follow?” He said, “Shouldn’t I love to be a thankful slave (of Allah)?’ When he became old, he prayed while sitting, but if he wanted to perform a bowing, he wound get up, recite (some other verses) and then perform the bowing.
6.362: Narrated `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al−As: This Verse: ‘Verily We have sent you (O Muhammad) as a witness, as a bringer of glad tidings and as a warner.’ (48.8) Which is in the Qur’an, appears in the Surah thus: ‘Verily We have sent you (O Muhammad) as a witness, as a bringer of glad tidings and as a warner, and as a protector for the illiterates (i.e., the Arabs.) You are my slave and My Apostle, and I have named you Al−Mutawakkil (one who depends upon Allah). You are neither hard−hearted nor of fierce character, nor one who shouts in the markets. You do not return evil for evil, but excuse and forgive. Allah will not take you unto Him till He guides through you a crocked (curved) nation on the right path by causing them to say: “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah.” With such a statement He will cause to open blind eyes, deaf ears and hardened hearts.’
6.363: Narrated Al−Bara: While a man from the companions of the Prophet was reciting (Qur’an) and his horse was tied in the house, the horse got startled and started jumping. The man came out, looked around but could not find anything, yet the horse went on jumping. The next morning he mentioned that to the Prophet. The Prophet said, “That was the tranquility (calmness) which descended because of the recitation of the Qur’an.”
6.364: Narrated Jabir: We were one thousand and four hundred on the Day of Al−Hudaibiya. 6.365: Narrated `Uqba bin Sahban: `Abdullah bin Mughaffal Al−Muzani who was one of those who witnessed (the event of) the tree, said, “The Prophet forbade the throwing of small stones (with two fingers).” `Abdullah bin Al−Mughaffal Al−Muzani also said, “The Prophet also forbade urinating at the place where one takes a bath.”
6.366: Narrated Thabit bin Ad−Dahhak: who was one of the companions of the tree (those who swore allegiance to the Prophet beneath the tree at Al−Hudaibiya):
6.367: Narrated Habib bin Abi Thabit: I went to Abu Wail to ask him (about those who had rebelled against `Ali). On that Abu Wail said, “We were at Siffin (a city on the bank of the Euphrates, the place where me battle took place between `Ali and Muawiya) A man said, “Will you be on the side of those who are called to consult Allah’s Book (to settle the dispute)?” `Ali said, ‘Yes (I agree that we should settle the matter in the light of the Qur’an).” ‘ Some people objected to `Ali’s agreement and wanted to fight. On that Sahl bin Hunaif said, ‘Blame yourselves! I remember how, on the day of Al−Hudaibiya (i.e. the peace treaty between the Prophet and the Quraish pagans), if we had been allowed to choose fighting, we would have fought (the pagans). At that time `Umar came (to the Prophet) and said, “Aren’t we on the right (path) and they (pagans) in the wrong? Won’t our killed persons go to Paradise, and theirs in the Fire?” The Prophet replied, “Yes.” `Umar further said, “Then why should we let our religion be degraded and return before Allah has settled the matter between us?” The Prophet said, “O the son of Al−Khattab! No doubt, I am Allah’s Apostle and Allah will never neglect me.” So `Umar left the place angrily and he was so impatient that he went to Abu Bakr and said, “O Abu Bakr! Aren’t we on the right (path) and they (pagans) on the wrong?” Abu Bakr said, “O the son of Al−Khattab! He is Allah’s Apostle, and Allah will never neglect him.” Then Sura Al−Fath (The Victory) was revealed.”
6.368: Narrated Ibn Abi Mulaika: The two righteous persons were about to be ruined. They were Abu Bakr and `Umar who raised their voices in the presence of the Prophet when a mission from Bani Tamim came to him. One of the two recommended Al−Aqra’ bin Habeas, the brother of Bani Mujashi (to be their governor) while the other recommended somebody else. (Nafi`, the sub−narrator said, I do not remember his name). Abu Bakr said to `Umar, “You wanted nothing but to oppose me!” `Umar said, “I did not intend to oppose you.” Their voices grew loud in that argument, so Allah revealed: ‘O you who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet.’ (49.2) Ibn Az−Zubair said, “Since the revelation of this Verse, `Umar used to speak in such a low tone that the Prophet had to ask him to repeat his statements.” But Ibn Az−Zubair did not mention the same about his (maternal) grandfather (i.e. Abu Bakr).
6.369: Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet missed Thabit bin Qais for a period (So he inquired about him). A man said. “O Allah’s Apostle! I will bring you his news.” So he went to Thabit and found him sitting in his house and bowing his head. The man said to Thabit, ” ‘What is the matter with you?” Thabit replied that it was an evil affair, for he used to raise his voice above the voice of the Prophet and so all his good deeds had been annulled, and he considered himself as one of the people of the Fire. Then the man returned to the Prophet and told him that Thabit had said, so−and−so. (Musa bin Anas) said: The man returned to Thabit with great glad tidings. The Prophet said to the man. “Go back to him and say to him: “You are not from the people of the Hell Fire, but from the people of Paradise.”
6.370: Narrated `Abdullah bin Az−Zubair: A group of Bani Tamim came to the Prophet (and requested him to appoint a governor for them). Abu Bakr said, “Appoint Al−Qaqa bin Mabad.” `Umar said, “Appoint Al−Aqra’ bin Habeas.” On that Abu Bakr said (to `Umar). “You did not want but to oppose me!” `Umar replied “I did not intend to oppose you!” So both of them argued till their voices grew loud. So the following Verse was revealed: ‘O you who believe! Be not for ward……’ (49.1)
6.371: Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, “The people will be thrown into the (Hell) Fire and it will say: “Are there any more (to come)?’ (50.30) till Allah puts His Foot over it and it will say, ‘Qati! Qati! (Enough Enough!)'”
6.372: Narrated Abu Huraira: (that the Prophet said) “It will be said to the Hell, ‘Are you filled?’ It will say, ‘Are there any more (to come)?’ On that Allah will put His Foot on it, and it will say ‘Qati! Qati! (Enough! Enough!).
6.373: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “Paradise and the Fire (Hell) argued, and the Fire (Hell) said, “I have been given the privilege of receiving the arrogant and the tyrants.’ Paradise said, ‘What is the matter with me? Why do only the weak and the humble among the people enter me?’ On that, Allah said to Paradise. ‘You are My Mercy which I bestow on whoever I wish of my servants.’ Then Allah said to the (Hell) Fire, ‘You are my (means of) punishment by which I punish whoever I wish of my slaves. And each of you will have its fill.’ As for the Fire (Hell), it will not be filled till Allah puts His Foot over it whereupon it will say, ‘Qati! Qati!’ At that time it will be filled, and its different parts will come closer to each other; and Allah will not wrong any of His created beings. As regards Paradise, Allah will create a new creation to fill it with.”
6.374: Narrated Jarir bin `Abdullah: We were in the company of the Prophet on a fourteenth night (of the lunar month), and he looked at the (full) moon and said, “You will see your Lord as you see this moon, and you will have no trouble in looking at Him. So, whoever can, should not miss the offering of prayers before sunrise (Fajr prayer) and before sunset (`Asr prayer).” Then the Prophet recited: ‘And celebrate the praises of your Lord before the rising of the sun and before (its) setting.’ (50.39)
6.375: Narrated Mujahid: Ibn `Abbas said, “Allah ordered His Prophet to celebrate Allah’s praises after all prayers.” He refers to His Statement: ‘After the prayers.’ (50.40)
6.376: Narrated Um Salama: I complained to Allah’s Apostle that I was sick, so he said, “Perform the Tawaf (of Ka`ba at Mecca) while riding behind the people (who are performing the Tawaf on foot).” So I performed the Tawaf while Allah’s Apostle was offering the prayer by the side of the Ka`ba and was reciting: ‘By the Mount (Saini) and by a Decree Inscribed.’
6.377: Narrated Jubair bin Mut`im: I heard the Prophet reciting Surat at−Tur in the Maghrib prayer, and when he reached the Verse: ‘Were they created by nothing, Or were they themselves the creators, Or did they create the Heavens and the Earth? Nay, but they have no firm belief Or do they own the treasures of Your Lord? Or have they been given the authority to do as they like…’ (5 2.35−37) my heart was about to fly (when I realized this firm argument).
6.378: Narrated Masruq: I said to `Aisha, “O Mother! Did Prophet Muhammad see his Lord?” Aisha said, “What you have said makes my hair stand on end ! Know that if somebody tells you one of the following three things, he is a liar: Whoever tells you that Muhammad saw his Lord, is a liar.” Then Aisha recited the Verse: ‘No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision. He is the Most Courteous Well−Acquainted with all things.’ (6.103) ‘It is not fitting for a human being that Allah should speak to him except by inspiration or from behind a veil.’ (4 2.51) `Aisha further said, “And whoever tells you that the Prophet knows what is going to happen tomorrow, is a liar.” She then recited: ‘No soul can know what it will earn tomorrow.’ (3 1.34) She added: “And whoever tell you that he concealed (some of Allah’s orders), is a liar.” Then she recited: ‘O Apostle! Proclaim (the Message) which has been sent down to you from your Lord..’ (5.67) `Aisha added. “But the Prophet saw Gabriel in his true form twice.”
6.379: Narrated `Abdullah: Regarding the Verses: ‘And was at a distance of but two bow−lengths or (even) nearer; So did (Allah) convey the Inspiration to His slave (Gabriel) and then he Gabriel) conveyed (that to Muhammad…’ (5 3.9−10) Ibn Mas`ud narrated to us that the Prophet had seen Gabriel with six hundred wings.
6.380: Narrated ASSAILANT: I asked Sir about the Statement of Allah: ‘And was at a distance of but two bow−lengths or (even) nearer. So did Allah convey the Inspiration to His slave (Gabriel) and then he (Gabriel) conveyed that to Muhammad.’ (5 3.10) He said, “Abdullah (bin Mas`ud) informed us that Muhammad had seen Gabriel with six hundred wings.”
6.381: Narrated `Abdullah: (regarding the revelation) Truly he (Muhammad) did see of the signs of his Lord; the Greatest!’ (5 3.18) The Prophet saw a green screen covering the horizon.
6.382: Narrated Ibn `Abbas: (regarding His Statement about the Lat and the `Uzza: Lat was originally a man who used to mix Sawiq for the pilgrim.
6.383: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “Whomever takes an oath in which he mentions Lat and `Uzza (forgetfully), should say: None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and whoever says to his companion. ‘Come along, let us gamble must give alms (as an expiation).
6.384: Narrated `Urwa: I asked `Aisha (regarding the Sai between As Safa and Al−Marwa). She said, “Out of reverence to the idol Manat which was placed in Al−Mushailal, those who used to assume Ihram in its name, used not to perform Sai between As−Safa and Al−Marwa, so Allah revealed: ‘Verily! The As−Safa and Al−Marwa (two mountains at Mecca) are among the symbols of Allah.’ (2.158). Thereupon, Allah’s Apostle and the Muslims used to perform Sai (between them).” Sufyan said: The (idol) Manat was at Al−Mushailal in Qudaid. `Aisha added, “The Verse was revealed in connection with the Ansar. They and (the tribe of) Ghassan used to assume lhram in the name of Manat before they embraced Islam.” `Aisha added, “There were men from the Ansar who used to assume lhram in the name of Manat which was an idol between Mecca and Medina. They said, “O Allah’s Apostle! We used not to perform the Tawaf (Sai) between As−Safa and Al−Marwa out of reverence to Manat.”
6.385: Narrated Ibn `Abbas: The Prophet performed a prostration when he finished reciting Surat−an−Najm, and all the Muslims and pagans and Jinns and human beings prostrated along with him.
6.386: Narrated `Abdullah: The first Sura in which a prostration was mentioned, was Sura An−Najm (The Star). Allah’s Apostle prostrated (while reciting it), and everybody behind him prostrated except a man whom I saw taking a hand−full of dust in his hand and prostrated on it. Later I saw that man killed as an infidel, and he was Umaiya bin Khalaf.
6.387: Narrated Ibn Masud: During the lifetime of Allah’s Apostle the moon was split into two parts; one part remained over the mountain, and the other part went beyond the mountain. On that, Allah’s Apostle said, “Witness this miracle.”
6.388: Narrated `Abdullah: The moon was cleft asunder while we were in the company of the Prophet, and it became two parts. The Prophet said, Witness, witness (this miracle). 6.389: Narrated Ibn `Abbas: The moon was cleft asunder during the lifetime of the Prophet.
6.390: Narrated Anas: The people of Mecca asked the Prophet to show them a sign (miracle). So he showed them (the miracle) of the cleaving of the moon.
6.391: Narrated Anas: The moon was cleft asunder into two parts.
6.392: Narrated `Abdullah bin Masud: The Prophet used to recite: “Fahal−min−Maddakir (then is there any that will receive admonition?”)
6.393: Narrated `Abdullah: The Prophet used to recite: ‘Is there any that remember? And a furious wind (plucking out men) as if they were uprooted stems of palm trees, then how terrible was My punishment and My warnings!’ (5 4.20−21)
6.394: Narrated Abu ‘Is−haq: A man asked Al−Aswad, ‘is it ‘Fahal min−Muddakir’ or’..Mudhdhakir?” Al Aswad replied, ‘I have heard `Abdullah bin Masud reciting it, ‘Fahal−min Muddakir’; I too, heard the Prophet reciting it ‘Fahal−min−Muddakir’ with ‘d’.
6.395: Narrated `Abdullah: The Prophet recited: ‘Fahal−min−Muddakir’ “And Verily an abiding torment seized them early in the morning So, taste you My torment and My warnings’ (5 4.38−39)
6.396: Narrated `Abdullah: The Prophet recited: ‘Fahal−min Muddakir’: ‘And verily, We have destroyed nations like unto you; then is there any that will receive admonition?’ (5 4.51)
6.397: Narrated `Abdullah: I recited before the Prophet ‘Fahal−min−Mudhdhakir’. The Prophet said, “It is Fahal−min Muddakir.”
6.398: Narrated `Abbas: Allah’s Apostle while in a tent on the day of the Battle of Badr, said, “O Allah! I request you (to fulfill) Your promise and contract! O Allah! If You wish that you will not be worshipped henceforth..” On that Abu Bakr held the Prophet by the hand and said, “That is enough, O Allah’s Apostle You have appealed to your Lord too pressingly,” while the Prophet was putting on his armor. So Allah’s Apostle went out, reciting Their multitude will be put to flight, and they will show their backs.’ (5 4.45)
6.399: Narrated Yusuf bin Mahik: I was in the house of `Aisha, the mother of the Believers. She said, “This revelation: “Nay, but the Hour is their appointed time (for their full recompense); and the Hour will be more previous and most bitter.” (5 4.46) was revealed to Muhammad at Mecca while I was a playfull little girl.”
6.400: Narrated Ibn `Abbas: While in his tent on the day the Battle of Badr, the Prophet said, “O Allah! I request You (to fulfill) Your promise and contract. O Allah! It You wish that the Believers be destroyed). You will never be worshipped henceforth.” On that, Abu Bakr held the Prophet by the hand and said, “That is enough, O Allah’s Apostle! You have appealed to your Lord too pressingly” The Prophet was wearing his armor and then went out reciting: ‘Their multitude will be put to flight and they will show their backs. Nay, but the Hour is their appointed time (for their full recompense), and the Hour will be more previous and most bitter.’ (5 4.45−46)
6.401: Narrated `Abdullah bin Qais: Allah’s Apostle said, “Two gardens, the utensils and the contents of which are of silver, and two other gardens, the utensils and contents of which are of gold. And nothing will prevent the people who will be in the Garden of Eden from seeing their Lord except the curtain of Majesty over His Face.”
6.402: Narrated `Abdullah bin Qais: Allah’s Apostle said, “In Paradise there is a pavilion made of a single hollow pearl sixty miles wide, in each corner of which there are wives who will not see those in the other corners; and the believers will visit and enjoy them. And there are two gardens, the utensils and contents of which are made of silver; and two other gardens, the utensils and contents of which are made of so−and−so (i.e. gold) and nothing will prevent the people staying in the Garden of Eden from seeing their Lord except the curtain of Majesty over His Face.”
6.403: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “In Paradise there is a tree which is so big that a rider can travel in its shade for one hundred years without passing it; and if you wish, you can recite: ‘In shade long extended.’ 56.30.
6.404: Narrated Sa`id bin Jubair: I asked Ibn `Abbas about Surat Al−Tauba, and he said, “Surat Al−Tauba? It is exposure (of all the evils of the infidels and the hypocrites). And it continued revealing (that the oft−repeated expression): ‘…and of them …and of them.’ till they started thinking that none would be left unmentioned therein.” I said, “What about) Surat Al−Anfal?” He replied, “Surat Al−Anfal was revealed in connection with the Badr Battle.” I said, “(What about) Surat Al−Hashr?” He replied, “It was revealed in connection with Bani an−Nadir.”
6.405: Narrated Sa`id: I asked Ibn `Abbas about Surat Al−Hashr. He replied, “Say Surat An−Nadir.”
6.406: Narrated Ibn `Umar: ‘Allah’s Apostle burnt and cut down the palm trees of Bani An−Nadir which were at Al−Buwair (a place near Medina). There upon Allah revealed: ‘What you (O Muslims) cut down of the palm trees (of the enemy) or you left them standing on their stems, it was by the leave of Allah, so that He might cover with shame the rebellious.’ (59.5)
6.407: Narrated `Umar: The properties of Bam An−Nadir were among the booty that Allah gave to His Apostle such Booty were not obtained by any expedition on the part of Muslims, neither with cavalry, nor with camelry. So those properties were for Allah’s Apostle only, and he used to provide thereof the yearly expenditure for his wives, and dedicate the rest of its revenues for purchasing arms and horses as war material to be used in Allah’s Cause.
6.408: Narrated Alqama: `Abdullah (bin Masud) said. “Allah curses those ladies who practice tattooing and those who get themselves tattooed, and those ladies who remove the hair from their faces and those who make artificial spaces between their teeth in order to look more beautiful whereby they change Allah’s creation.” His saying reached a lady from Bani Asd called Um Yaqub who came (to `Abdullah) and said, “I have come to know that you have cursed such−and−such (ladies)?” He replied, “Why should I not curse these whom Allah’s Apostle has cursed and who are (cursed) in Allah’s Book!” Um Yaqub said, “I have read the whole Qur’an, but I did not find in it what you say.” He said, “Verily, if you have read it (i.e. the Qur’an), you have found it. Didn’t you read: ‘And whatsoever the Apostle gives you take it and whatsoever he forbids you, you abstain (from it). (59.7) She replied, “Yes, I did,” He said, “Verily, Allah’s Apostle forbade such things.” “She said, “But I see your wife doing these things?” He said, “Go and watch her.” She went and watched her but could not see anything in support of her statement. On that he said, “If my wife was as you thought, I would not keep her in my company.”
6.409: Narrated `Abdullah (bin Mus’ud): Allah’s Apostle has cursed the lady who uses false hair.
6.410: Narrated `Umar: I recommend that my successor should take care of and secure the rights of the early emigrants; and I also advise my successor to be kind to the Ansar who had homes (in Medina) and had adopted the Faith, before the Prophet migrated to them, and to accept the good from their good ones and excuse their wrong doers.
6.411: Narrated Abu Huraira: A man came to Allah’s Apostle and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! I am suffering from fatigue and hunger.” The Prophet sent (somebody) to his wives (to get something), but the messenger found nothing with them. Then Allah’s Apostle said (to his companions). “Isn’t there anybody who can entertain this man tonight so that Allah may be merciful to him?” An Ansari man got up and said, “I (will, entertain him), O Allah’s Apostle!” So he went to his wife and said to her, “This is the guest of Allah’s Apostle, so do not keep anything away from him.” She said. “By Allah, I have nothing but the children’s food.” He said, “When the children ask for their dinner, put them to bed and put out the light; we shall not take our meals tonight,” She did so. In the morning the Ansari man went to Allah’s Apostle who said, “Allah was pleased with (or He bestowed His Mercy) on so−and−so and his wife (because of their good deed).” Then Allah revealed: ‘But give them preference over themselves even though they were in need of that.’ (59.9)